Urology - Oncology, Laparoscopy, General Urology Mischel Neill - BHB MBCHB FRACS - Urology - Oncology, Laparoscopy, General Urology Urology - Oncology, Laparoscopy, General Urology
 
 
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Cystoscopy

Cystoscopy :: Digital Rectal Examn ::  Pathology
PSA :: Radiology :: Urodynamics :: TRUS

Cystoscopy enables a direct view of the inside of the urinary bladder and urethra in great detail using an optical scope.

There are two types of Cystoscope

  • Rigid Cystoscope: This is a solid straight telescope, which has been in use for many years and is the mainstay of endoscopic treatment of conditions under anaesthetic. It has a high intensity light source and separate fittings to allow instruments to be introduced

  • Flexible Cystoscope: This is more commonly used particularly for diagnosis and for the follow up of most bladder tumours. It is a fibre optic instrument that can bend easily and has a manoeuvrable tip that makes it easy to pass along the curves of the urethra. The flexibility means that it can be used under local anesthetic without undue discomfort

Cystoscopy may be indicated for the following conditions

  • Frequent urinary tract infections
  • Blood in the urine (haematuria)
  • Loss of bladder control (incontinence) or overactive bladder
  • Abnormal cells found in the urine sample
  • To assist the placement of a bladder catheter
  • Painful urination, chronic pelvic pain, or Painful Bladder Syndrome
  • Urinary blockage such as prostate enlargement or stricture (scarring)
  • Stone in the urinary tract
  • Unusual growth, polyp, tumor, or cancer

 

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Urology - Oncology, Laparoscopy, General Urology Mischel Neill - BHB MBCHB FRACS Royal Australasian College of Surgeons Urological Society of Australia and New Zealand